General Information

The Republic of Croatia is located in the center of Europe and is bordered by five countries: the Republic of Slovenia from the north-west and west, the Republic of Hungary to the north and northeast, the Republic of Serbia to the east, Montenegro to the south, Bosnia and Herzegovina from the south and southeast, and the Adriatic Sea from the West, which separates Croatia from Italy.

Croatia is divided geographically into three areas: the plains in the north and east which has the continental climate, coastal areas in the west which enjoys a Mediterranean climate, and the mountainous areas in the center and south of the country.  Croatia has varied terrain where there are some mountains in the western regions toward the coast, while the eastern and northern areas of agricultural plains featuring flat areas. Through Croatia passes many rivers such as the Danube, the Sava River ,the Drava River , kupa river and the River Mura and others.

Official name: Republic of Croatia / Republika Hrvatska
Short name: CRO  (English) or HR (Croatian) given that its official name in Croatian is Hrvatska
Population: 4.4 million people.
Capital: Zagreb, with a population of about 800 thousand people.
Official Currency: HRK symbol kn (1 euro = 7.6 KUNA)
Administrative division: 21 counties.
The unemployment rate in the country: an estimated 20% in practice.
The number of labor power that can work: about 1.8 million people.

The proportion of population density: 78.5 persons / sq km.

Demographics: Croat majority representing about 85% of the population.

Ethnic minorities: Bosnian, Serbs, Hungarians , Czechs , Slovak ,Italian and Roms.

National anthem: Our beautiful homeland, Lijepa naša

Religions: Roman Catholic majority religion, along with some other religions, such as the Serbian Orthodox about 4.3% and 1.28% Islam.

A Brief History

After the collapse of communist regimes in Eastern Europe late eighties of the last century, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia made some reform moves, especially the Socialist Republic of Croatia reformist movement tried to liberalize society and the economy at the hands of some Croat politicians who held some of the top positions such as General "Franjo Tudjman" and "Stjepan Mesic "and" Josip Manolic "and" Zdravko Tomac”

In 1989, political parties began to establish and organize themselves on the basis of anti-communism.  In 1990, the first free and multi-party elections were held. The international recognition of Croatia started in October 1991, first  Slovenia,  Latvia and Ukraine recognize the independence of Croatia, followed by Iceland and in early 1992 Germany, Italy, the Vatican and European Union countries then fifteen (before enlargement to 27 countries). Then Croatia has been accepted at the United Nations in August 1992 and recognized her international borders, which was the administrative borders of the Yugoslav Federation at the time in1991.

After the war, Croatia has identified background of its foreign policy pillars which join the European Union and join NATO (her two goals, which actually realized) as well as participating in all international and regional conventions that support the safety and security of the region and work to strengthen political and economic relations with the rest of the world, especially neighboring countries which border disputes remain private between them is dominating the scene.